What you must know about Nepali Calendar ?
There are different types of calendar being used in the world based on lunar, solar or lunisolar system. Among these calendars, Nepali Calendar also known as Nepali Patro is a Bikram Sambat (abbreviated as “B.S.”) Calendar. Bikram Sambat calendar is also known as Vikram Sambat Calendar established by Indian emperor Vikramaditya.It is official Calendar of Nepal. It is also used in some parts of India as well. The Vikram Samvat calendar is about 56.7 years ahead of the solar Gregorian calendar or AD. Since, Bikram Sambat is a Hindu calendar Nepali Calendar is also called Hindu calendar. Bikram Sambat Calendar uses lunar months and sidereal years for timekeeping. In addition to Bikram Samwat, the Gregorian calendar and the Newari calendar, Nepal Sambat, are also used in Nepal.
How it is Different from Gregorian calendar?
There are 12 months, but unlike the Gregorian calendar, it has varied dates on every month, as they are not easy pre-determined and changes from year to year. The new year in Nepali Calendar begins with the month Baisakh, which falls in April and May months in Gregorian calendar. The year ends with the Chaitra month i.e. March, April in Gregorian Calendar. In Gregorian Calendar the days of the months are known but in Nepali calendar its not the case i.e. they change yearly. The maximum number of days in a month in Gregorian calendar is 31, but in the Bikram sambat nepali calendar it can have upto 32 days. The months usually (Mangshir/Poush) have minimum 28 days while (Asar/Shrawan) have 32 days.
Bikram sambat Nepali Calandar is mostly used in Nepal and India. Some countries like Indonesia, Bangladesh, Srilanka, Thailand, Malaysia and Bhutan are also using Bikram Sambat Nepali calandar. The current Nepali Year in Nepali calendar is 2077 Bikram sambat.
This calendar derives its name from king Vikramaditya of Ujjain, then an independent country in the Indian subcontinent. After the rise of the Rana oligarchs in Nepal, Bikram Sambat came into unofficial use along with the official Shaka Sambat (Shankhadhar Sakhwa) for quite some time. They discontinued Shaka Sambat in its 1823rd year and replaced it with Bikram Sambat for official use since then to date. Bikram Sambat came into official use in its 1958th year.
Nepali Calendar Months
Nepali Calendar consists of 12 months i.e. Baisakh, Jestha, Ashad, Shrawan, Bhadra, Ashoj, Kartik, Mangsir, Poush, Magh, Falgun Chaitra. The following table shows twelve months of Nepali Calender along with Nepali Month Name, Days of a Nepali Month and Corresponding Gregorian months. The length of each month is the time taken by the Sun to move through a full zodiac sign.
The following table presents information about the Nepali Calendar months along with their roughly corresponding Gregorian months , and days in a month.
|No.||Name||Nepali||Days||Corresponding Gregorian Months|
|1.||Baishakh||बैशाख||30 / 31||(April–May)|
|2.||Jestha||जेठ||31 / 32||(May–June)|
|3.||Ashadh||असार||31 / 32||(June–July)|
|4.||Shrawan||साउन||31 / 32||(July–August)|
|5.||Bhadra||भदौ||31 / 32||(August–September)|
|6.||Aswin||असोज||30 / 31||(September–October)|
|7.||Kartik||कात्तिक||29 / 30||(October–November)|
|8.||Mangsir||मंसिर||29 / 30||(November–December)|
|9.||Poush||पुष||29 / 30||(December–January)|
|10.||Magh||माघ||29 / 30||(January–February)|
|11.||Falgun||फागुन||29 / 30||(February–March)|
|12.||Chaitra||चैत||30 / 31||(March–April)|
The basic formula of conversion:
Nepali Date to English Date:
Subtract 56 Years, 8 Months, 17 Days
English Date to Nepali Date: Add 56 Years, 8 Months, 7 Days
For the most accurate Nepali Date Converter visit Nepali Date Converter
Nepali Time is based on NPT (Nepal Standard Time). Nepali Time has a time offset from UTC of +5:45, all over Nepal Standard Time is one of only three time zones with a 45 minute offset from UTC.
Nepali New Year
The Nepali New year starts exactly in the middle of April month of the gregorian calendar. The new year of Bikram Samwat celebrated on the Baisakh is one of the many festivals of Nepal, marked by parties, family gatherings, the exchange of good wishes and participation in rituals to ensure good fortune in the coming year.
The new year of Bikram Samwat celebrated on the Baisakh is one of the many festivals of Nepal, marked by parties, family gatherings, the exchange of good wishes and participation in rituals to ensure good fortune in the coming year.
Nepali New year lies in the spring season where there are lots of Laligurans flower in the hilly and mountainous regions.People visit to the cool places to celebrate new year such as Nagarkot, Pokhara, Daman, Dhulikhel etc. Pokhara seems most crowdy during this day. There is a public holiday in the new year of Nepal.
Dates to Remember 2077 B.S
|1.||2020 Apr 14||Nepali New Year|
|2.||2020 Apr 23||Aama ko mukh herne din|
|3.||2020 Aug 03||Rakshyabandhan|
|4.||2020 Aug 19||Kuse Aunsi (Buwa ko mukh herne din)|
|5.||2020 Aug 21||Teej|
|6.||2020 Oct 17||Ghatasthapna|
|7.||2020 Oct 26||Dashain|
|8.||2020 Nov 16||Bhai Tika|
|9.||2020 Nov 20||Chhath puja|